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From Persecution to TolerationThe Glorious Revolution and Religion in England$
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Ole Peter Grell, Jonathan I. Israel, and Nicholas Tyacke

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201960.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 August 2021

The Deist Challenge

The Deist Challenge

(p.195) 8. The Deist Challenge
From Persecution to Toleration

Richard H. Popkin

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses Deism, a radical school of thought that thrived in the 1690s. It begins by describing the theories of natural religion of the two individuals who are credited with being the first English Deists — Herbert of Cherbury and Charles Blount. It then describes the explosion of heterodox publishing. The year 1689 saw the English publication of a full text translation of Spinoza's Tractatus theologico-politicus. This was followed in 1692 by the even more extreme Turkish spy and in 1693 by Charles Blount's Oracle of Reason. Nevertheless, this was only a small part of the explosion of heterodox publishing at this time, particularly as regards the doctrine of the Trinity.

Keywords:   Deism, natural religion, Deists, Herbert of Cherbury, Charles Blount, Spinoza, Tractacus theologico-politicus, Turkish spy, Oracle of Reason, Trinity

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