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Bound for AmericaThe Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies, 1718-1775$
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A. Roger Ekirch

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202110

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202110.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 November 2020

The Rough Trade

The Rough Trade

(p.70) 3 The Rough Trade
Bound for America

A. Roger Ekirch

Oxford University Press

The first phase of the transportation process was exile from England, but there was no proper and clear policy for transportation during those early days. During the trial, and what followed, convicts needed to be assembled and shipped across the Atlantic as cargo on other ships. Until 1718 convicts were carried in irregular shipments by merchants or in some cases they needed to make their own arrangements to transport themselves. Many merchants refused to transport women as they proved difficult to market in the colonies. In August 1718, the Treasury gave a contract to a London-based merchant to ship convicts from London and seven nearby counties for a sum of £3 per convict. After this, many merchants signed bonds guaranteeing that they would ship the convicts regardless of age, physical condition, or sex.

Keywords:   transportation, the treasury, bonds, shipping, convicts, merchant

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