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Bound for AmericaThe Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies, 1718-1775$
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A. Roger Ekirch

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202110

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202110.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2020

Rites of Passage

Rites of Passage

(p.97) 4 Rites of Passage
Bound for America

A. Roger Ekirch

Oxford University Press

After the merchants and traders offered to ship convicts from England to America, the British government handed over this task to them and thus this ended the role of the government in transportation. Parliament enacted a trade regulation designed to curb the bargains from the merchants and to make sure that convicts were actually going to reach American shores. The shipboard journey spanned from six to eight weeks and the life of convicts fully remained in the hands of merchants and traders. Most of these merchants were corrupt and they cared little about the lives of the convicts in their care, they also made profit from the sale of these convicts in America. Most merchants tried to limit the expenses on the transportation of convicts by restricting water and other provisions. The convicts were not treated at all well.

Keywords:   Parliament, journey, pedlock, trade regulation, America

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