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Bound for AmericaThe Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies, 1718-1775$
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A. Roger Ekirch

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202110

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202110.001.0001

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Exiles in the Promised Land

Exiles in the Promised Land

(p.133) 5 Exiles in the Promised Land
Bound for America

A. Roger Ekirch

Oxford University Press

Chesapeake society saw many troubles after the arrival of large number of convicts into Virginia and Maryland. Soon these white convicts turned servants dominated the ranks of black-workers on the plantations. During the third quarter of the 17th century, these white labourers started a civil war in the province. Many masterless men, servants, landless freemen, and scattered slaves started threatening the big planters. The province saw a series of uprisings during 1660 and 1670 which was followd by Bacon's Rebellion in 1676. Virginia also experienced an uprising when the convicts raised their voice against the Governor and the provincial authorities. Most convicts were young, male, experienced criminals and their past crimes and reports about their shipboard uprisings also showed that they were desperate to pose a threat and make themselves free.

Keywords:   Chesapeake society, plantation, civil war, Bacon rebellion, white convicts, criminals

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