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Profits of PeaceThe Political Economy of Anglo-German Appeasement$
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Scott Newton

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202127

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202127.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 August 2021

Total War and the Search for a Negotiated Peace, 1940–1941

Total War and the Search for a Negotiated Peace, 1940–1941

Chapter:
(p.158) 7 Total War and the Search for a Negotiated Peace, 1940–1941
Source:
Profits of Peace
Author(s):

Scott Newton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202127.003.0008

The three-year, limited-war strategy could not survive the collapse of France. The Maginot Line and the French army had failed utterly to hold up the German advance. Following the signature of the Franco-German armistice on 22 June 1940 the British confronted a European politico-economic bloc either directly controlled or dominated by Nazi Germany. All of the north and west European coast from the Arctic Circle to the mouth of the Loire was in hostile hands. The Italian entry into the war opened a second front in the Mediterranean and east Africa; there was concern about Japanese expansionism in the Far East. So not only had the foundations of the strategy for defeating Germany been destroyed but the nightmare of an isolated Britain engaged in a three-front war was now a serious prospect. The government was left with a stark choice between peace with Germany, on Hitler's terms, or fighting on with the minimum objective of strengthening its bargaining power in any negotiation and with the more hopeful, maximum one of prolonging the conflict until American aid and maybe participation made victory certain.

Keywords:   British foreign policy, Germany, Churchill, three-front war, Franco-German armistice

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