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War and Economy in the Third Reich$
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R. J. Overy

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198202905

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202905.001.0001

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The Reichswerke ‘Hermann Göring’: A Study in German Economic Imperialism

The Reichswerke ‘Hermann Göring’: A Study in German Economic Imperialism

(p.144) 5 The Reichswerke ‘Hermann Göring’: A Study in German Economic Imperialism
War and Economy in the Third Reich

R. J. Overy

Oxford University Press

When war broke out Adolf Hitler confirmed Hermann Göring in his role of mobilising economic resources for the war effort, giving him the ‘special assignment of adapting the economy to the needs of war’. Armed with these instructions, Göring also took over responsibility for the occupied areas, either looting stocks and equipment for use in the Reich, or exploiting resources and industrial capacity where they stood. The chief instrument for industrial exploitation was the state holding company, the Reichswerke ‘Hermann Göring’, first set up in the summer of 1937 to exploit Germany's low-grade domestic iron ores. The concern grew rapidly beyond its initial brief, for Göring used it as a vehicle for taking over other industrial assets which the state needed for military preparation, or for setting up new state-owned businesses from scratch.

Keywords:   Adolf Hitler, Hermann Göring, Reich, industrial exploitation, Reichswerke Hermann Göring, economy

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