This chapter begins by discussing the etymology of ‘Anglicanism’, noting that Anglicanism has become more exclusive over time and that its liturgical and architectural setting has also changed. Next, it discusses that recent revisionist historians suggest that Charles I anathematized Puritanism because he had imbibed Arminian doctrine, which led him to proscribe its doctrinal opposite, Calvinism, the perceived doctrinal base of Puritanism. The chapter explains that true religion for Charles I seems to have consisted of following an exemplary, moral code of conduct, along a path illuminated less by the Word than by capturing a sense of the numinous. It also describes how Charles I restored uniformity and order within Church and Commonwealth, and the revival of one of the first Elizabethan codes for the Church: the Injunctions of 1559. The chapter then discusses Laud's influence on Charles I's ecclesiastical decisions.
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