This chapter explores how the Archbishop of Canterbury – William Laud – influenced Charles I and how he became the scapegoat for the problems of the Personal Rule. It also describes the dispute between Laud and Prynne, and notes that during Laud's trial, Prynne's account was influential not just because of Laud's unpopularity but because of certain historiographical accidents. The chapter explains that past historical works lack any recognition of the role played by doctrinal issues in the formulation of ecclesiastical policy during the reign of Charles I. It argues that the Laudian emphasis on the sacraments and the institutional Church stemmed not from the rise of Arminianism but from the patristic reorientation and historical investment of Anglicanism. The chapter explains that Laud's attempt to resolve the economic problems of the Church and to restrict prohibitions brought him into head-on collision with the apparatus and principles of common law.
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