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Revolution and the RepublicA History of Political Thought in France since the Eighteenth Century$
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Jeremy Jennings

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203131

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203131.001.0001

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Rights, Liberty, and Equality

Rights, Liberty, and Equality

(p.29) 1 Rights, Liberty, and Equality
Revolution and the Republic

Jeremy Jennings

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a discussion of the framing and content of the Déclaration des de l’Homme et du Citoyen of 1789. It then shows how the discourse of rights, articulated by the likes of the Abbé Sieyès, was quickly radicalized, providing a justification for revolutionary and republican government. The chapter next examines responses to this discourse in rights, focusing in particular upon counter-revolutionary writers such as Rivarol and Maistre and those known as the Idéologues (Roederer, Destutt de Tracy, etc.). The chapter continues its exploration of the language of rights through the Revolution of 1848 and the Second Republic and then through the Second Empire and the early years of the Third Republic. It concludes with an assessment of the place of rights within the doctrine of solidarité associated with Léon Bourgeois.

Keywords:   Declaration of 1789, rights, Abbé Sieyès, Rivarol, Maistre, Idéologues, Roederer, Destutt de Tracy, solidarité, Léon Bourgeois

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