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Funerals, Politics, and Memory in Modern France, 1789–1996$
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Avner Ben-Amos

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203285

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203285.001.0001

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State Funerals of Kings and Emperors 1800–1870

State Funerals of Kings and Emperors 1800–1870

(p.54) 2 State Funerals of Kings and Emperors 1800–1870
Funerals, Politics, and Memory in Modern France, 1789–1996

Avner Ben-Amos

Oxford University Press

During most of the nineteenth century, France was governed by non-republican regimes that were hostile to the ideals of the French Revolution. Consequently, the manner in which the Bonapartes, the Bourbons, and the Orleans put into practice the age-old ceremony of the state funeral differed from that of the republicans, but it also took on a different shape in each regime. In order to gain access to the commemorative policy of these regimes, it was enough, during the nineteenth century, to enter the Panthéon that was ‘no longer a monument, but a thermometer’. Other monuments and edifices, such as the Invalides and the July Column, became important burial places during the nineteenth century, but they could never compete with the Panthéon, whose honourable past conferred on it a special aura. This chapter focuses on the state funerals given to kings and emperors during the years 1800–1870, covering Napoleon Bonaparte's reign in the First Empire, the return of the Bourbons to power, the July Monarchy, and the Second Empire under Napoleon III.

Keywords:   France, state funerals, kings, emperors, Napoleon Bonaparte, Bourbons, Panthéon, Invalides, Napoleon III, July Monarchy

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