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The RestorationA Political and Religious History of England and Wales, 1658–1667$
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Ronald Hutton

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203926

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203926.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 July 2021

The Collapse of the Republican Alliance

The Collapse of the Republican Alliance

(p.42) 2 The Collapse of the Republican Alliance
The Restoration

Ronald Hutton

Oxford University Press

The new regime called itself a Parliament, and took to itself not only the legislative and judicial functions associated with that institution, but also the policy-making function of a monarch or Protector and his council. While it delegated executive powers to a smaller body, it retained control of major decisions. Yet this assembly included neither a monarch nor a Protector, nor an Upper House of any complexion, but was about a fifth of what had once been a House of Commons. All of these men were united by a recognition of the purge which had preceded the English Revolution, and by the four succeeding years in which they had wielded supreme authority. While in power before, this purged Parliament had been unmistakably detested, associated with the destruction of the monarchy and the Lords, high taxation, centralised and arbitrary rule, and a religious policy which allowed sects to proliferate. It represented, in a concentrated form, all that had disturbed more conservative Englishmen about the Protectorate. In its potential for rapid, ruthless and effective government, it possessed extraordinary advantages, but its heritage doomed it to rule in despite of most of its subjects.

Keywords:   Parliament, Members of Parliament, alliance, English Revolution, purge

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