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The RestorationA Political and Religious History of England and Wales, 1658–1667$
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Ronald Hutton

Print publication date: 1993

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203926

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203926.001.0001

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The Breaking of the English Army

The Breaking of the English Army

(p.68) 3 The Breaking of the English Army
The Restoration

Ronald Hutton

Oxford University Press

George Monck had fought successively for the English, French, and Dutch against the Spanish, for the English against the Scots and the Irish, and for Charles I against the Long Parliament. In the conflict between House and army, Monck dissociated himself from the latter as soon as trouble began. When the officers at Derby sent him a copy of their petition he ordered his army to ignore it, and reported this action loyally to Parliament. When the news reached Monck of the expulsion of the Parliament, on 17 October, he decided immediately, and without advice, to oppose it. His army was scattered in bases across the country, and many of its field officers were away in London. Most of the men whom the government had dismissed were still in Scotland and most of their replacements, who tended to support the English army leaders, had not yet arrived. Monck therefore had the opportunity for a coup of his own, gathering his most trusted subordinates and using them to win over the various units separately, arresting those officers expected to make difficulty.

Keywords:   George Monck, Parliament, English army, Charles I, Long Parliament

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