This chapter concentrates on passages oriented towards life this side of the grave viewed by the preachers from a moral perspective. Medieval memorial sermons anticipate many of the attitudes to political authority that humanist funeral orations put forward. Since the funeral oratory of Italian humanists has been analyzed with emphasis about social roles, this chapter presents how far these ideas are similar to the idea of the prince that is found in medieval memorial sermons. It demonstrates that pre-humanist preachers were capable of praising the dead man's ancestry and his wealth. Like the humanists, they make these ideals concrete by reference to the dead man's needs. This chapter may have a subsidiary relevance for people studying the softer edges of political thought, the influence of Aristotle and Aquinas in the Middle Ages, the relation between Church and State, and Pope John XXII's conflict with Ludwig of Bavaria.
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