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Marriage, Debt, and the Estates SystemEnglish Landownership, 1650-1950$
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John Habakkuk

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203988

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203988.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 28 May 2022

The Strict Settlement and the Estates System

The Strict Settlement and the Estates System

(p.1) 1 The Strict Settlement and the Estates System
Marriage, Debt, and the Estates System

John Habakkuk

Oxford University Press

The chapter discusses the strict settlement and the estates system that prevailed in the past. The arrangements of most landed families were governed by the strict settlement, a form of legal arrangement which made it possible to tie up the succession of a specific landed estate. The transition from land to money occurred earliest for daughters. Some moneyed men effected their marriage settlements by means of bonds whereby they undertook certain obligations. The basic reason for the differences between a settlement of personal estate and the strict settlement of land was that the former was not made with the object of founding a family. This reflected a fundamental difference in the attitude of the bourgeoisie to property and family. It was natural for an established landowner to feel that he was the temporary custodian of the family estate for his descendants.

Keywords:   strict settlement, estates system, families, succession, landowners

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