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Marriage, Debt, and the Estates SystemEnglish Landownership, 1650-1950$
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John Habakkuk

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198203988

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203988.001.0001

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The Decline of the Landed Interest

The Decline of the Landed Interest

(p.623) 8 The Decline of the Landed Interest
Marriage, Debt, and the Estates System

John Habakkuk

Oxford University Press

In the 19th century there was a marked change in estate ownership and a dramatic decline in the social and political role of landed families. The most evident change is the increase in the sale of estate land. A very large number of the landed families existing in 1880 sold land in the century that followed. Several estates were sold in lots to tenants or local bourgeoisie. What has changed over the last century is not only the personnel of the landed elite or the amount of land held in the form of estates, but the attitudes and ambitions of the new men who have bought estates. It is natural to suppose that the fortunes of the house and the estate waned together under a common set of unfavourable influences.

Keywords:   estate ownership, landowners, family, bourgeoisie, tenants

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