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The Rise of the Fiscal State in Europe c.1200–1815$
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Richard Bonney

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204022

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204022.001.0001

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Poland-Lithuania before Partition

Poland-Lithuania before Partition

(p.443) Chapter 14 Poland-Lithuania before Partition
The Rise of the Fiscal State in Europe c.1200–1815

Anna Filipczak-Kocur

Oxford University Press

After 1385 Poland and Lithuania were linked in a dynastic union which was transformed into a conscious political association by the Union of Lublin of 1569. As a result of this association, the Polish tax system was introduced into Lithuania with only relatively minor changes. The revenues and expenditures of the two parts of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita or Res Publica) were kept separate, but both states frequently financed the same political ventures. This chapter presents the results of research based on a comparison between the fiscal systems of the kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and demonstrates the revenue balance between the two states in times of war. In particular, it draws upon materials found in Russian archives: among their holdings are documents from the Lithuanian Chancellery known as Metryka Litewska, which include data on the income and expenditure of the Lithuanian treasury. In general, however, the sources for Polish fiscal history are much more extensive than for those of Lithuania and for this reason the emphasis of the chapter is on Polish developments.

Keywords:   fiscal system, fiscal history, Poland, Lithuania, tax system, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

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