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Europeans on the MoveStudies on European Migration 1500–1800$
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Nicholas Canny

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204190

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204190.001.0001

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Scottish Emigration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

Scottish Emigration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

(p.76) 5 Scottish Emigration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Europeans on the Move




Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Scotland through perspectives from T. C. Smout, Ned C. Landsman, and T. M. Devine. The 17th century is discussed by Smout, who emphasises the great scale and diversity of Scottish migration to Europe and Ireland before the Union with England in 1707. The 18th-century movement from the Lowlands is discussed by Landsman, who stresses both its probable scale and the difficulty of distinguishing Lowland Scots from the Scotch Irish in emigration sources. The 18th-century movement from the Highlands is treated by Devine, who emphasises its concentration in time and location, and places it in a reconsidered socio-economic framework. The chapter argues that the whole of Scottish society throughout the early modern centuries was highly orientated towards out-migration, and must be regarded as one of the European countries which was most prone to sending its population overseas.

Keywords:   Scotland, T. C. Smout, Ned C. Landsman, T. M. Devine, migration, Europe, Ireland, Lowlands, Highlands, emigration

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