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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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The Parting of the Ways

The Parting of the Ways

(p.191) XIII The Parting of the Ways
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

Upon his return, the Earl of Essex met with much friendly sympathy from his fellow Councillors and peers, including Lord Admiral Charles Howard, as well as almost undiminished adulation from the populace. Elizabeth I's reception was cooler, but she found it hard to forgive him for allowing it to happen by going off to the Azores upon such flimsy pretexts, such unchecked intelligence, and so leaving the way to England open to the Spanish Armada. Essex, in what can only be described as a small child's tantrum, demanded that either a commission be appointed to allot the credit for the taking of Cadiz; or that the Queen herself pronounce upon it; or else that it be decided by single combat between himself and the sixty-two-year-old Howard or one of Howard's sons or family. This conduct and these demands were not only insulting to Howard; they were also affronts to the Queen. Essex was never to get another chance to attempt what he had failed to achieve in 1596 and 1597.

Keywords:   Earl of Essex, Charles Howard, Elizabeth I, Cadiz, England, Spanish Armada, Azores

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