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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 April 2021

After Vervins

After Vervins

(p.233) XV After Vervins
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

On April 16, the day that Robert Cecil and John Herbert left Nantes for home, the French commissioners at Vervins learnt that Archduke Albert had agreed to a two months' truce with England and the United Provinces as well as the six months' time already allowed them to decide about joining in the peace treaty. The last remaining obstacle to peace between France and Spain was thus removed and on April 22 the Treaty of Vervins was signed by both parties and handed to the Legate to be kept secret until the ratifications were exchanged. A couple of weeks later, however, Henry IV made it public without waiting for the ratifications. This withdrawal of France into neutrality faced Elizabeth I with a worrying set of problems. Before she could decide whether or not to take the opportunity herself to deal with Spain, she had to settle her relations with the Netherlands.

Keywords:   Treaty of Vervins, Archduke Albert, France, England, Spain, peace, Henry IV, Elizabeth I, Netherlands

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