On April 16, the day that Robert Cecil and John Herbert left Nantes for home, the French commissioners at Vervins learnt that Archduke Albert had agreed to a two months' truce with England and the United Provinces as well as the six months' time already allowed them to decide about joining in the peace treaty. The last remaining obstacle to peace between France and Spain was thus removed and on April 22 the Treaty of Vervins was signed by both parties and handed to the Legate to be kept secret until the ratifications were exchanged. A couple of weeks later, however, Henry IV made it public without waiting for the ratifications. This withdrawal of France into neutrality faced Elizabeth I with a worrying set of problems. Before she could decide whether or not to take the opportunity herself to deal with Spain, she had to settle her relations with the Netherlands.
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