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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 April 2021

An Army for Ireland

An Army for Ireland

(p.283) XVIII An Army for Ireland
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

England's principal concern for much of 1599 was with Ireland, where the truce made by Queen Elizabeth I's general, the Earl of Ormonde, with the rebel Hugh Tyrone had expired on June 7, 1598. Tyrone had immediately taken the field again in open rebellion. Ormonde and all the Irish council felt that with the inadequate and none too reliable forces at their disposal — most bands at little more than half strength and ‘the army consisting for the more part’ of ‘mere Irish’ — the first necessity was to defend Leinster and the Pale. So the Blackwater fort was left to its fate and Sir Henry Bagenall on the border of Ulster was kept strictly on the defensive. This encouraged Tyrone to switch his main effort to blockading the fort still more straitly. Both Elizabeth and her Privy Council recognized that the situation in Ireland called for the despatch thither of a truly royal army. This army would be led by the Earl of Essex, who then requested troops and munitions to fortify it.

Keywords:   England, army, Ireland, Elizabeth I, Earl of Essex, Earl of Ormonde, Hugh Tyrone, rebellion, Blackwater fort

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