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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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Conference at Boulogne

Conference at Boulogne

(p.319) XX Conference at Boulogne
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

The nine months that followed the Earl of Essex's return from Ireland brought a lull in Anglo-Spanish hostilities. Spain for the moment lacked both the money and the naval forces for offensive action. The Adelantado's armada had failed to find the Dutch fleet at the Azores and had limped hack to Cadiz after losing twenty of its ships in a gale. The shortage of money also severely handicapped Archduke Albert, now returned to the Spanish Netherlands with his bride, Infanta Isabella. A dozen or so Dunkirk privateers did prowl off the English east coast and in the Channel and Spinola's six galleys at Sluys were an annoyance to Holland and Zeeland shipping. The Archduke's land forces seemed even less of a threat, for they were for the most part in open mutiny over lack of pay. England's financial and military resources were likewise severely strained. An Anglo-Spanish conference was held at Boulogne, France.

Keywords:   Boulogne, France, England, conference, peace, Spain, Netherlands, Archduke Albert

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