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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 October 2021

The Essex Rising and the 1601 Parliament

The Essex Rising and the 1601 Parliament

(p.347) XXII The Essex Rising and the 1601 Parliament
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

Queen Elizabeth I and the Privy Council were growing increasingly worried about the disgraced Earl of Essex's intentions and they knew how close Lord Mountjoy's connections with him had been. Towards Essex Elizabeth had shown herself peculiarly unrelenting. Her alarm was kept alive by the numbers of ‘all sorts of knights, captains, officers, and soldiers who were following him home from Ireland, drinking his health and brawling in London taverns.’ She ordered Essex's close confinement in the Lord Keeper's custody at York House. Robert Cecil and the Privy Council had done their worst to blacken Essex and to counter the widespread popular sympathy for him. Essex was beheaded on Tower Hill on Ash Wednesday, February 25, accused of treason. The government's popularity, and that of the Queen herself, declined. With what was destined to be the last Parliament of Elizabeth I's reign that unpopularity was not lessened by some ham-fisted mismanagement.

Keywords:   Earl of Essex, Elizabeth I, Privy Council, Robert Cecil, Lord Mountjoy, treason, Parliament

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