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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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Last Encounters

Last Encounters

(p.388) XXIV Last Encounters
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

Four days after Lord Mountjoy's great victory on Christmas Eve, Sir Francis Vere won another success at Ostend, less decisive and also less honourable. Archduke Albert's siege of Ostend had made little progress during the past six months, despite an incessant bombardment which had in places almost paved the ground with spent cannon balls. When Vere learnt that the Archduke was about to launch a major assault, he sent a letter in December to Robert Cecil suggesting that he also hoped to frighten the States into sending him not 6,000 but at least 9,000 or 10,000 men. With Ostend holding out well, Munster reduced to obedience, and England and the Netherlands commanding the seas both off the coast of Spain and in the Narrow Seas, there remained only Ulster. It was some time before Mountjoy was able to act there. Tyrone would eventually submit to him. Mountjoy hurried on a settlement with Tyrone in the name of Elizabeth I.

Keywords:   Lord Mountjoy, England, Spain, Ostend, Hugh Tyrone, Francis Vere, Archduke Albert, Munster, Ulster, Elizabeth I

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