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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 April 2021

The Year 1595

The Year 1595

(p.21) II The Year 1595
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

At the beginning of 1595, there was small hope of an early peace with Spain. There was also good hope that both France and the Dutch Republic would now be able to hold their own and fight their own battles. There was thus good hope that the danger of a Spanish domination over Western Europe, the danger of a Spanish control of the coast and ports from Gibraltar to Emden, was effectively past. Henry IV of France, it was true, was likely to be distracted away from his provinces neighbouring the Netherlands in order to assure Lyons against the Duke of Savoy and Spanish forces from Italy, possibly backed by a recalcitrant Duke of Epernon in Provence. Elizabeth I of England needed little encouragement in seeking to reduce drastically her military and financial involvement on the continent. England's war with Spain was beginning to take on a different character.

Keywords:   Spain, France, England, war, peace, Elizabeth I, Henry IV, Netherlands, Western Europe, Italy

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