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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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Cadiz or Calais?

Cadiz or Calais?

(p.55) IV Cadiz or Calais?
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

As Sir Thomas Baskerville's ships straggled home in the late spring of 1596 from their sorry failure against Panama at the despatching end of ‘the King of Spain's treasure from the Indies’, a far more impressive force was already gathered at Plymouth for a major assault upon the receiving end. The original proposal for this new expedition had come from Lord Admiral Charles Howard. The accumulating advertisements of great preparations in Spanish ports offered Howard the opportunity for an enterprise worthy of a Lord Admiral of England. The important questions that Howard and company faced were: To what coast and port of Spain or Portugal did they intend enterprising? Where would they land and in what strength and how far south and west did they intend to go or to send their ships? The choice was between Cadiz and Calais. This chapter chronicles the events surrounding England's war with Spain involving Calais.

Keywords:   Spain, England, war, Cadiz, Calais, Portugal, Elizabeth I, Charles Howard, ports, expedition

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