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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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The Treaties of Greenwich and the Triple Alliance

The Treaties of Greenwich and the Triple Alliance

(p.69) V The Treaties of Greenwich and the Triple Alliance
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

The loss of Calais, despite the alarm and excitement that it engendered, changed the character of England's war with Spain very little from that it had taken on since the conversion of Henry IV to Rome. It did induce a small return of English land forces to the Picardy and Flanders arena and possibly it slowed down the loosening of England's military and financial engagement in the United Provinces. But it did little or nothing to halt England's growing, indeed overwhelming, concentration upon direct seaborne operations against Spain and its empire and upon suppressing rebellion in Ireland. Such change as did occur was the outcome of a mission by Nicholas Sancy and the Duke of Bouillon to Elizabeth I in April and May 1596. The mission culminated in the signing of treaties at Greenwich that created an alliance among England, France, and the Netherlands to wage a war against a common enemy, Spain.

Keywords:   England, war, alliance, treaties, Spain, France, Netherlands, Nicholas Sancy, Duke of Bouillon, Elizabeth I

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