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The Return of the ArmadasThe Last Years of the Elizabethan War against Spain 1595-1603$
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R. B. Wernham

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198204435

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204435.001.0001

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The Sack of Cadiz

The Sack of Cadiz

(p.93) VII The Sack of Cadiz
The Return of the Armadas

R. B. Wernham

Oxford University Press

In the end, Queen Elizabeth I of England was persuaded to relent and allow the expedition to sail under the command of Lord Admiral Charles Howard and the Earl of Essex. The English troops were all embarked and the shipping in the Cattewater warped out into Plymouth Sound. Stern orders were issued that no man was to go ashore on pain of death and a council of war was held aboard the Ark Royal, the Lord Admiral's flagship. At this council Howard and Essex proposed and obtained approval for an attack upon Cadiz, as the principal objective of the expedition, with the possibility of also sacking Puerto Real, St Mary Port, San Lucar, and Jerez as well as the hope of seizing or burning the galleons, galleys, and West Indian shipping in those harbours. It was agreed that, to avoid discovery, no ship was to show itself within sight of the coasts of Spain or Portugal until they reached the latitude of Cape St Vincent, where they were to rendezvous if foul weather separated them.

Keywords:   Elizabeth I, England, expedition, Charles Howard, Earl of Essex, Cadiz, Spain, Portugal

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