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The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume IV: The Twentieth Century$
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Judith Brown and Wm Roger Louis

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205647

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205647.001.0001

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Southern Africa  

Southern Africa  

(p.545) 24 Southern Africa 
The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume IV: The Twentieth Century


Oxford University Press

For much of the 20th century, British policies in southern Africa have been dominated by calculations about South Africa. The Union, later Republic, of South Africa has occupied a unique position in British Imperial strategy and imagination. Interconnected networks of City, Empire, and academe gave South Africa its importance to the advocates of Commonwealth at least until 1945. With the independence of Zambia, Malawi, and the High Commission Territories, the first phase of African decolonization in southern Africa was complete. By the late 1960s all non-independent African countries were in settler-dominated southern Africa, and the following decade saw escalating wars of liberation in Mozambique and Angola, followed by Namibia and Zimbabwe. Despite their political independence, the new southern African states remained embedded in a regional economy consisting of enclaves of high capital investment and rural areas of increasing impoverishment.

Keywords:   British policies, Commonwealth, decolonization, economy, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi

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