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The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume IV: The Twentieth Century$
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Judith Brown and Wm Roger Louis

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205647

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205647.001.0001

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Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands

Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands

(p.667) 29 Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands
The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume IV: The Twentieth Century


Oxford University Press

There are four themes that invite discussion: the question of co-ordination; the survival of indigenous cultures; economic, political, and strategic roles within the Empire; and the rise of American and Japanese influences. These are traced in this chapter through three periods: Imperial overreach, 1914 to the 1930s; war and recovery, the 1940s and 1950s, and decolonization, the 1960s to 1980s. This periodization is unique because the Empire lingered longest at its most extended reaches. Imperial overreach was evident in the Pacific from the turn of the 20th century. As well as accomplishing the Empire's security in the islands, Australia and New Zealand quickly made their impact on the Imperial war effort. Although in the 1940s and 1950s, the Pacific Empire went through the turmoil of war and recovery, its territorial shape remained unchanged until the 1960s. Decolonization came late in the Pacific.

Keywords:   Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Empire, Imperial overreach, decolonization, war, recovery

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