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The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume III: The Nineteenth Century$
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Andrew Porter

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205654

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205654.001.0001

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Southern Africa, 1795–1910

Southern Africa, 1795–1910

Chapter:
(p.597) 26 Southern Africa, 1795–1910
Source:
The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume III: The Nineteenth Century
Author(s):

Christopher Saunders

Iain R. Smith

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205654.003.0026

During the course of the nineteenth century, the growing British presence profoundly shaped South Africa. At the beginning of the century, there was no certainty that British rule would continue; by 1900 all of modern South Africa had come under British rule, and British influence had spread far beyond the borders of what, in 1910, became the Union of South Africa. However, the extension of British power and influence in the region, although pervasive, was not straightforward. By the end of the nineteenth century, the Dutch-Afrikaner population in the Cape Colony still outnumbered the British by about three to two. A discussion on the expansion of European settlement, diamonds and the failed attempt at confederation, the Transvaal War (1880–81) and the German challenge, the impact of gold-mining, Rhodes, Rhodesia, the raid, the road to war, the South African War during 1899–1902, and reconstruction and unification is provided as well.

Keywords:   South Africa, South African War, British rule, Union of South Africa, British power, Cape Colony, Transvaal War, gold, Rhodesia

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