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The Stations of the SunA History of the Ritual Year in Britain$
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Ronald Hutton

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205708

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205708.001.0001

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Rogationtide and Pentecost

Rogationtide and Pentecost

(p.277) 26 Rogationtide and Pentecost
The Stations of the Sun

Ronald Hutton

Oxford University Press

By the year 305, the Catholic Church in the western Roman empire had started to celebrate an annual commemoration of Pentecost, the inspiration of Christ's apostles by the Holy Ghost. Before the end of that century the clergy at Vienne in Gaul had begun to tie their activities still more tightly to the agricultural year by processing around the fields on the days before the feast of the Ascension to bless the growing crops. The latter rite was regulated in England by canons passed at the ecclesiastical council of Cloveshoo in 747, one of the most important meetings of the young Church of England. They gave the processions the name of Rogations, from the Latin rogare, ‘to ask’, and fixed them as belonging to the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday before Ascension Day.

Keywords:   Catholic Church, Roman empire, Pentecost, Christ, Holy Ghost, Ascension, England, processions, Rogations

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