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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 September 2021

Taisho Politics and Society: From the Rice Riot to the Public Order Preservation Act

Taisho Politics and Society: From the Rice Riot to the Public Order Preservation Act

(p.199) 10 Taisho Politics and Society: From the Rice Riot to the Public Order Preservation Act
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995


Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a discussion on Taisho politics and society. It starts by presenting the second phase of Taisho democracy. It also describes the Rice Riots. The riots were not a ‘failed revolution’ as some historians have suggested, but ‘a Jacquerie of enormous scale’ on the part of people of the lower order in urban areas where narikin (nouveau-riche) and the poor lived side by side. One major result of the Rice Riots was the creation of permanent government control for distributing rice, developed in response to numerous petitions demanding self-sufficiency in food supply and the government regulation of rice prices. The chapter examines the Siberian intervention during 1918–22, the assassination of a prime minister, and universal male suffrage (adopted in 1925). Next, it explores Taisho liberalism in literature, Osugi Sakae and the White Terror of 1923, strikers, co-operators, levellers, the Public Order Preservation Act of 1925, and Kawakami Hajime and Japanese Marxism.

Keywords:   Taisho politics, society, Rice Riot, Public Order Preservation Act, Taisho liberalism, Osugi Sakae, White Terror, Kawakami Hajime, Japanese Marxism

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