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The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995$
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Chushichi Tsuzuki

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205890

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.001.0001

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The Meiji ‘Restoration’

The Meiji ‘Restoration’

(p.54) 3 The Meiji ‘Restoration’
The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995


Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the Meiji reforms, together with the imperial restoration, that would constitute the Meiji Restoration. It introduces the progress of the anti-Bakufu movement (Tobaku). Then, it covers a coup d'état and a civil war. Next, it deals with the Charter Oath and the imperial restoration. The Charter Oath, the emperor's oath to his ancestral gods, announced at the height of the civil war against the Bakufu forces, embodied the basic principles of the new government that was to be set up. In addition, the creation of the Tenno system is examined. The second coup d'état, of haihan-chiken (to abolish han and create ken), was to strengthen the central government by transforming the feudal han into units of a modern local-government system. Furthermore, the chapter looks at the Iwakura Embassy during 1871–3, land tax reform, a modern education system and a standing army, the Korean issue, the Kanghwa Treaty, and the Seinan Civil War, government sponsorship of industrialization, and the currency reform and foreign trade.

Keywords:   Meiji Restoration, Charter Oath, coup d'état, imperial restoration, Seinan Civil War, industrialization, currency reform, foreign trade, Kanghwa Treaty, haihan-chiken

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