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Ideologies of ConservatismConservative Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century$
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E. H. H. Green

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198205937

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205937.001.0001

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Conservatism, the State, and Civil Society in the Twentieth Century

Conservatism, the State, and Civil Society in the Twentieth Century

(p.240) Chapter 9 Conservatism, the State, and Civil Society in the Twentieth Century
Ideologies of Conservatism


Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses Conservative ideas on the role of the State in relation to economic and social policy over the course of the 20th century, and offers a new interpretation of the nature of the ideological differences within the party on this question. The discussion ranges over paternalist v Libertarian Conservative ideas, Statist v anti-Statist views, the committees and study groups set up to address such policy issues, including the Conservative Political Centre (CPC), the Policy Committee on the Nationalised Industries (PCNI), the Policy Study Group (PSG), and the Policy Committee on the Future of Social Services (PCFSS). The influence of Enoch Powell, Powellism, the One Nation group, and Margaret Thatcher are explored. The chapter concludes that the varying Conservative attitudes to the role of the State can be better understood in terms of the perceived efficacy of the agencies of civil society, i.e. State intervention should only be required when such agencies fail to work.

Keywords:   paternalist, Libertarian, Statist, anti-Statist, CPC, PCNI, PSG, PCFSS, Enoch Powell, Powellism

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