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Francesco Crispi 1818-1901From Nation to Nationalism$
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Christopher Duggan

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001

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The Shadow of Bismarck, 1871–1878

The Shadow of Bismarck, 1871–1878

(p.333) 11 The Shadow of Bismarck, 1871–1878
Francesco Crispi 1818-1901


Oxford University Press

Two months after Italian soldiers captured Rome, general elections were held in Italy. Francesco Crispi stood again in the college of Castelvetrano. He had also been elected in the college of Tricarico, in Basilicata; and it was for this constituency that he decided to take his seat in parliament. The Italian nation needed first and foremost to be affirmed morally; and that, Crispi felt, required dynamic leadership, major political (as well as socioeconomic) reforms, vigorous anti-clericalism, and a strong foreign policy. Helping to hone these ideas was Crispi's continued and growing admiration after 1870 for Germany, especially Otto von Bismarck's achievements. This chapter discusses Bismarck's influence on Crispi in the field of politics, Crispi's tenure in parliament from 1871 to 1876, his affair with Lina Barbagallo, his election as President of the Chamber of Deputies in November 1876, his visit to Europe, and his appointment as Minister of the Interior.

Keywords:   Francesco Crispi, Italy, politics, elections, parliament, Otto von Bismarck, Lina Barbagallo, Chamber of Deputies, Europe

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