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Francesco Crispi 1818-1901From Nation to Nationalism$
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Christopher Duggan

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001

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The Wilderness Years, 1878–1887

The Wilderness Years, 1878–1887

(p.388) 12 The Wilderness Years, 1878–1887
Francesco Crispi 1818-1901


Oxford University Press

Francesco Crispi had hoped since 1876 to unite Italy's left; his hopes now lay largely in ruins as factional rivalry had become almost endemic in parliament. The political education of Italians had long been a central concern of Crispi's. His strategy for the next few years was to stand apart from the fray, keep the moral high ground, and hope that public opinion would come round to him. This chapter examines Crispi's views on political education, his opposition to France's invasion of Tunisia, his push for electoral reform and preoccupation with foreign policy, his response to the 1881 popular protest movement in Egypt, his desire to make nationalism into a religion, his efforts at reconstructing the Risorgimento, his campaign towards the nationalization of the Italian monarchy, his opposition to the politics of trasformismo, and the launch of the Pentarchy.

Keywords:   Francesco Crispi, Italy, politics, political education, France, Tunisia, electoral reform, nationalism, monarchy, Pentarchy

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