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Francesco Crispi 1818-1901From Nation to Nationalism$
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Christopher Duggan

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001

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Preparing for War, 1887–1888

Preparing for War, 1887–1888

(p.494) 14 Preparing for War, 1887–1888
Francesco Crispi 1818-1901


Oxford University Press

Many conservatives certainly harboured worries about Francesco Crispi's democratic leanings and the possibility that his impulsiveness might embroil Italy in some risky foreign adventure; but such fears were tempered by relief that after years of weak government the country had a leader who could impart dignity and authority to the institutions. When Agostino Depretis died in July 1887, Crispi became interim Foreign Minister. Few doubted that Crispi would soon be prime minister as well; and most had no problem with the idea. Central to Crispi's foreign policy — central to his first term as prime minister from 1887 - 1891 — was a desire to involve Italy in a successful war against France. This chapter discusses Crispi's famous visit to German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck early in October 1887; Crispi's speech in Turin after his visit to Bismarck; the signing of military convention between Italy and Germany; and Italy's trade war with France.

Keywords:   Francesco Crispi, Italy, France, Germany, foreign policy, Otto von Bismarck, war, military convention

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