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Francesco Crispi 1818-1901From Nation to Nationalism$
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Christopher Duggan

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001

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(p.608) 17 1891–1893
Francesco Crispi 1818-1901


Oxford University Press

Francesco Crispi's resignation as Italy's prime minister left him full of rancour. He came to believe that the king and the court had conspired to remove him. However, the scandal of the Banca Romana that was to rock Italy to its foundations would pave the way for his return to power. The radical deputy, Napoleone Colajanni, had secured access to a copy of the Alvisi-Biagini report of 1889. The scandal precipitated a national crisis; a wave of rioting soon swept across the country. The severe recession that had begun in the late 1880s and been exacerbated by the trade war with France, Crispi's heavy defence spending, and the crisis in the banking sector, showed every sign of deepening. With the financial crisis escalating and the situation in Sicily threatening to produce civil war, the clamourings for Crispi became insistent. When the government of Giovanni Giolitti fell from grace, Crispi accepted an invitation to become Minister of the Interior.

Keywords:   Francesco Crispi, Italy, France, politics, Banca Romana, Ministry of the Interior, economic recession, financial crisis, Giovanni Giolitti

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