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Francesco Crispi 1818-1901From Nation to Nationalism$
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Christopher Duggan

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001

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The Fasci and the Financial Crisis, 1894

The Fasci and the Financial Crisis, 1894

(p.636) 18 The Fasci and the Financial Crisis, 1894
Francesco Crispi 1818-1901


Oxford University Press

Francesco Crispi's wife Lina Barbagallo was devastated at his return to power. Crispi felt he had no choice because Italy was on the brink of catastrophe. His first task as prime minister was to deal with Sicily, where chaos in the west of the island had begun to spiral out of control. Reports of French gold and weapons being smuggled into Sicily, of links between the Fasci and French anarchists, of clandestine meetings in Marseilles, of a plot to detach the island from Italy, and of night-time signals from a French vessel, began to surface and circulate. Crispi eagerly seized on them and would soon declare a state of siege on Sicily. This chapter looks at how Crispi dealt with the country's financial crisis, terrorism, and subversion.

Keywords:   Francesco Crispi, Italy, politics, financial crisis, terrorism, subversion, Fasci, Sicily, state of siege, anarchy

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