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Francesco Crispi 1818-1901From Nation to Nationalism$
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Christopher Duggan

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206118.001.0001

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Marseilles and Turin, 1849–1853

Marseilles and Turin, 1849–1853

(p.76) 4 Marseilles and Turin, 1849–1853
Francesco Crispi 1818-1901


Oxford University Press

When the Bourbons defeated Sicily during the revolution of 1848-1849, Francesco Crispi set off for exile and chose to go to Marseilles, in part because he had written for a local newspaper there, La Nouvelliste, just before the outbreak of the revolution, and may have hoped to be able to capitalize on this. It was in Marseilles that Crispi met Rosalie Montmasson, the woman who was to become his second wife. Early in September 1849, Crispi transferred from Marseilles to Turin. This chapter looks at Crispi's years in Marseilles and Turin; his publication of a book on the last days of the revolution; his communication with Carlo Cattaneo and Guiseppe Mazzini about his desire to see the unification of Italy; the campaign for federalism by the Sicilian democrats; Crispi's shift away from separatism and towards unitarism; republicanism as a divisive issue in Sicilian independence; and Crispi's journalism and literary ventures while he was in Turin.

Keywords:   revolution, Francesco Crispi, Italy, Marseilles, Turin, Sicily, unification, federalism, republicanism, independence

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