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Robert Blake and Wm. Roger Louis

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206262

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206262.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021



(p.1) Introduction

Robert Blake

Wm. Roger Louis

Oxford University Press

Winston Churchill was born on November 30, 1874 at Blenheim Palace, the elder of the two sons of Lord Randolph Churchill, who was the third son of the seventh Duke of Marlborough, and Jennie Jerome, daughter of Leonard Jerome of New York. Lord Randolph regarded his son as useless, and Lady Randolph was equally unsympathetic. The young Winston was intensely ambitious and anxious to prove himself. He needed fortune as well as fame and a political career was always his goal. In the general election of 1900, he stood for Parliament as a Conservative at Oldham and won, but moved to the Liberal Party in 1904. In the period before the First World War, he helped to initiate social reforms that eventually laid the basis for the welfare state. The wartime era 1939–1945 was the most distinctive phase of his career. Churchill became Prime Minister of Britain in May 1940.

Keywords:   Winston Churchill, Britain, political career, Conservative Party, Liberal Party, First World War, social reforms, welfare state

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