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Robert Blake and Wm. Roger Louis

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206262

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206262.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 October 2021

Churchill and Stalin

Churchill and Stalin

(p.309) 18 Churchill and Stalin

Robin Edmonds

Oxford University Press

The personal relationship between Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin of Russia extended just over four years of their long careers, ending with Churchill's departure from Berlin, half-way through the Potsdam Conference in July 1945. The relationship between these two national leaders extends back to 1919. They stood at opposite poles — Stalin as People's Commissar for Nationalities, a full member of Lenin's Politburo, and Churchill as Secretary of State for War in David Lloyd George's Coalition government. Soon after the October Revolution in Russia, Churchill may perhaps not yet have heard of Stalin, but Stalin already had good reason to be aware of Churchill. As Prime Minister, Churchill sent a letter to Stalin in April 1941 warning him of Germany's intentions, based on an ‘Ultra’ decrypt about German forces in southern Poland. As the end of the Second World War drew near, the Anglo-Soviet Treaty of Alliance notwithstanding, the daunting prospect of Britain being alone with Russia in Europe preyed increasingly on Churchill's mind.

Keywords:   Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, Russia, David Lloyd George, October Revolution, Second World War, Germany, Poland, Britain

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