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Robert Blake and Wm. Roger Louis

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206262

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206262.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

Churchill and Germany

Churchill and Germany

(p.21) 2 Churchill and Germany

Gordon A. Craig

Oxford University Press

Winston Churchill, whose long career was so directly affected by events that occurred in Germany and whose place in history is impossible to define without reference to that country, knew very little about it in any formal sense. Churchill was thirty-six years old and well advanced on his political career before he showed any great interest in Germany or concern about the state of Anglo-German relations. Both before 1914 and before 1939, Churchill was tireless in his efforts to show that Germany's actions threatened the balance of power and the security of Britain. But he was also, after 1918 and again after 1945, among the first to call for its readmission to the European society of nations. The failure of his countrymen to follow his advice in 1918 was, he remained convinced, one of the principal causes of the Second World War, and his eloquent address in Zurich in 1946 — the first clear call for a new European Community — was a warning that that mistake must not be made again.

Keywords:   Winston Churchill, Britain, Germany, Second World War, European Community, Anglo-German relations

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