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Enforced DisarmamentFrom the Napoleonic Campaigns to the Gulf War$
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Philip Towle

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206361

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206361.001.0001

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The Disarmament of Japan after the Second World war

The Disarmament of Japan after the Second World war

(p.169) 9 The Disarmament of Japan after the Second World war
Enforced Disarmament

Philip Towle

Oxford University Press

The allies spent far less time during the Second World War worrying about how to reduce the power of Japan after its defeat than worrying about how to control Germany. They regarded the Germans as by far the greater danger, but the Japanese were nevertheless to be disarmed. Japanese soldiers had fought with particular heroism during the war, frequently refusing to allow themselves to be captured alive. It was improbable that a people who had produced such soldiers would passively accept the disarmament of their country. The likelihood of Japanese resistance to their demilitarization appeared to be increased by their behaviour in the inter-war period. This chapter discusses the forced disarmament and demilitarization of Japan after the Second World War, the United States policy towards Japan, the new Japanese constitution drawn up jointly by the Japanese and Americans, the reversal of United States policy regarding the disarmament of Japan, and the Japanese view of defence and disarmament.

Keywords:   Japan, Second World War, forced disarmament, United States, demilitarization, constitution, defence

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