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Enforced DisarmamentFrom the Napoleonic Campaigns to the Gulf War$
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Philip Towle

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206361

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206361.001.0001

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The Disarmament of Iraq 1991–1995

The Disarmament of Iraq 1991–1995

(p.183) 10 The Disarmament of Iraq 1991–1995
Enforced Disarmament

Philip Towle

Oxford University Press

The attempt to disarm Iraq after it was defeated by United Nations forces in the 1991 Persian Gulf War was the first major example of enforced disarmament since the destruction of the Axis armies in 1945. This was a typical case of the sort of forced disarmament which follows a limited war. It was tactically offensive but strategically defensive because it was part of a general struggle by the United States and its allies to maintain the status quo and prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction. Nevertheless, Iraq resisted with all the means at its disposal. As with Germany after the First World War, Iraq was defeated but not overrun. Thus, the anti-Iraqi coalition led by the United States tried to persuade the government in Baghdad to co-operate by means of threats, economic sanctions, and military incursions. This chapter looks at the genesis of the forced disarmament programme for Iraq from 1991 to 1995 and its political implications for the allies.

Keywords:   Iraq, forced disarmament, allies, United States, weapons of mass destruction, Persian Gulf War

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