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Enforced DisarmamentFrom the Napoleonic Campaigns to the Gulf War$
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Philip Towle

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206361

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206361.001.0001

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Enforced Disarmament without War? The Control of North Korean Nuclear Weapons

Enforced Disarmament without War? The Control of North Korean Nuclear Weapons

(p.202) 11 Enforced Disarmament without War? The Control of North Korean Nuclear Weapons
Enforced Disarmament

Philip Towle

Oxford University Press

In the early 1990s, the international community tried to compel North Korea either to prove that it was not developing nuclear weapons or to cease such development. As so often, the aim was strategically defensive, that is, to prevent other countries from developing nuclear weapons. North Korea's nuclear weapons programme began in 1985 when it signed an agreement with Russia under which the latter would provide technical and other assistance for the development of nuclear technology that the North Koreans said was for civilian purposes. Aborting any North Korean programme was regarded by the United States and South Korea as particularly important given the prevailing tensions in North Asia, the possibility that other states in the region would follow Pyongyang's example, and the unpredictable nature of the North Korean regime. Crises that occurred between 1992 and 1994 raised the possibility of war breaking out, which Seoul and Washington wished to avoid. The North Korean crisis shares some similarities with the Cuban missile crisis of 1962.

Keywords:   North Korea, South Korea, Russia, United States, Cuban missile crisis, nuclear weapons, crises

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