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Enforced DisarmamentFrom the Napoleonic Campaigns to the Gulf War$
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Philip Towle

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206361

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206361.001.0001

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Allied War Aims and Disarmament in the Second World War and Afterwards

Allied War Aims and Disarmament in the Second World War and Afterwards

(p.129) 7 Allied War Aims and Disarmament in the Second World War and Afterwards
Enforced Disarmament

Philip Towle

Oxford University Press

The heterogeneous alliance that defeated the Axis states in the Second World War was united by its determination to demand the unconditional surrender of the enemy powers and to prevent their resurgence. For Russia, the war was a struggle for survival in which many of its great cities were destroyed and some 20 million people died. The Western democracies saw it as a crusade against the forces of evil. The allied leaders, Josef Stalin of Russia, Winston Churchill of Britain, and Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, agreed that enemy governments should be removed and Nazism and Facism should be eradicated. While the fighting was continuing, they could also agree that the defeated nations should be totally disarmed and demilitarized. This chapter discusses the allies' war aims and the forced disarmament of defeated nations both during the Second World War and after.

Keywords:   Second World War, forced disarmament, Russia, United States, Britain, allies, Josef Stalin, Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt

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