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Science at Oxford, 1914-1939Transforming an Arts University$
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Jack Morrell

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206576

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206576.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 July 2021

Refugee Scientists

Refugee Scientists

(p.369) 9 Refugee Scientists
Science at Oxford, 1914-1939

Jack Morrell

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the migration of German refugee scientists at Oxford University in England during the 1930s. The main organized British response to the plight of German scholars was the voluntary Academic Assistance Council formed in late May 1933 with Ernst Rutherford as its president. This chapter analyses the differential reception of refugee scientists, mainly from Germany, but also from Spain, Czechoslovakia, and Austria, in Oxford between 1933 and 1939. It considers how Ferdinand von Lindemann used the émigré physicists to transform the Clarendon Laboratory for which he was responsible.

Keywords:   refugee scientists, German scholars, Oxford University, Academic Assistance Council, Ernst Rutherford, Ferdinand von Lindemann

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