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European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914$
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R. D. Anderson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.001.0001

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The Ancien Régime

The Ancien Régime

(p.4) 1 The Ancien Régime
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

R. D. Anderson

Oxford University Press

This chapter surveys European universities on the eve of change in the 18th century. They reflected a hierarchical society in which status and privilege were reinforced by education, and in which cultural values were determined by religion, in both Catholic and Protestant Europe. Work done by historians on the social functions of the universities, notably by Lawrence Stone, suggest that opportunities had become more restrictive, and student numbers had stagnated, since the ‘educational revolution’ of the 16th and early 17th centuries. But the growth of medical education was a significant focus of change.

Keywords:   Europe, universities, ancien régime, Lawrence Stone, medical education

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