Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

R. D. Anderson

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198206606

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 October 2021

Germany: Political Tensions

Germany: Political Tensions

(p.162) 11 Germany: Political Tensions
European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

R. D. Anderson

Oxford University Press

This second chapter on Germany discusses political aspects. The development of nationalism and militarism in universities before 1914 had consequences for the rise of Nazism later. The chapter looks first at Bismarck's conflict with the Catholic Church (the Kulturkampf), and later relations with the Catholic population. The problems of the new German empire were reflected in the work of historians and social scientists, including Max Weber. The régime was hostile to socialists, who were excluded from chairs. There was also strong prejudice against Jewish academics, who were not excluded from chairs, but met many obstacles. Finally, the chapter considers the work of Fritz Ringer on the ‘decline of the mandarins’: Ringer's thesis was that the professors, feeling their social position threatened, turned to cultural pessimism and nationalist politics. Recent historical work, however, has modified his picture of Wilhelmine Germany.

Keywords:   Germany, nationalism, Kulturkampf, Max Weber, anti-Semitism, Fritz Ringer, mandarins

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .